Greatest Scientific Discoveries of the 21st Century
It almost feels bizarre to see how far the human race has come – from living in huts made out of straws to creating smartphones and sending spaceships to other planets, we have come a long, long way. And this is not the end of the road for us because technology is all set to make progress and change the way we live and operate.
In the last decade, the world has witnessed the birth of social media and the rise of self-driving cars. Medical science has observed vast improvements, artificial intelligence has emerged victoriously and energy sourcing has made humongous leaps! We’ve somehow also managed to map the human genome and face the complex and deep-setting ramifications of biotechnology.
But it’s not all positive and optimistic from where we see things – the world is currently facing a massive challenge in the name of global warming. We’re also grappling with concerns relating to food security. Honestly, it’s quite a unique time in history; on the one hand, we’re struggling with the adverse effects of technology, and on the other hand, technology is helping us combat other disastrous issues, like finding a cure for fatal diseases.
Human innovation is making grand progress. But at the same time, these ingenious advancements have left a cursive imprint that has resulted in a nexus of composite problems. Scientists will continue to research and expand our knowledge of the world around us.
In the 21st century, we have made countless scientific breakthroughs that have improved not just our understanding but also made lives convenient and easier. This article is about the top scientific innovation and discoveries that have evolved our thinking and lifestyle. This blog is not going to include innovations that are associated with making the student life easy – like, an assignment writing service UK. However, it includes all the crucial innovations and discoveries that are evolutionary!
Let’s get started with our list without further ado:
Detection of Gravitational Waves
This has to be undoubtedly the greatest discovery of the 21st century! Recent findings have confirmed the theory of relativity that was first predicted by Albert Einstein; time travelling is, in fact, possible. According to the findings of the LIGO project, gravitational waves have been detected that permit scientists and allows them to not just develop a time machine but also travel to the darkest eras of human existence. Some even consider this finding to showcase the “ripples in the fabric of space-time.”
Evidence of Water on Mars
Elon Musk is currently trying his best to colonize Mars! But do you know that it was the National Aeronautics and Space Administration that verified the information back in 2015? They implied and proved with evidence that there is the existence of some liquid (seemingly water) on Mars.
They utilized the imaging spectrometer of NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), through which they were able to detect hydrated salts on the surface of the planet. They were able to find these salts in both warmer and cooler seasons. If you’re still unclear, then you must know that the presence of hydrated salts is a big indication of water.
Robotic Body Parts
Do you know that scientists have acquired help from biomechanics to design robotic body parts? Well, the University of Twenty has made progress and created robotic arms to help those with disabilities.
The aim is to amplify the residual operation of the arm. The scientists working on this project have utilized Darpa’s prosthetic to create prosthetics for the wounded US military personnel. Furthermore, they’re working towards elevating the viability of robotic body parts for the elderly and people with disabilities.
T. Rex Tissue
It has come to our knowledge that paleontologists have got their hands on a partiality fossilized and decomposed femur of a Tyrannosaurus rex. Do you know that it is over 70 million years old? Now we’re being told that it has flexible and transparent vessels due to which they’ve preserved the tissue of the iron between the two leg bones.
What you should also know is that this tissue will play a pivotal role in studying the physiology of dinosaurs – their molecular structures, etc. And surprisingly, they’ve established similarities between ostrich and dinosaurs.
Advancement in HIV Cure
Recent statistics have shown that there are over 36.7 million people in the world that are dealing with HIV/AIDS – out of which 1.8 million are children. It can’t be stressed enough how fatal the disease really is; we now have good news, though. Germany has made massive progress in finding the cure for HIV. According to recent studies, HIV patients can increase their life years by following antiretroviral therapy.
However, there has only been one case where a doctor has completely cured a person suffering from HIV. It was back in 2007 when Dr Gero Hutter did a transplant of bone marrow from an HIV-immune patient and saved Timothy Ray Brown’s life – a patient of HIV!
Existence of Dark Matter
By 2006, it was already established that there is the existence of dark matter. They made this claim after measuring bullet clusters in the collision of galaxies which indicated the presence of dark matter. Right now, everything is in the air, so nothing can be said for sure but we’re convinced that the universe is made up of dark energy.
Water as Fuel
A German company has designed an impressive futuristic machine that has the power to transform water into fuel. The machine utilizes power-to-liquid technology to convert water particles and carbon dioxide into liquid form of hydrocarbons to take the shape of synthetic diesel, petrol and kerosene.
Back in 2017, a similar process was used by Joint Centre for Artificial Photosynthesis to convert sunlight, water and carbon dioxide into fuel. This machine can become a grand source of power and replace dangerous elements like coal, oil and fossil fuels for good.
Which of the aforementioned discoveries and innovations do you like the most? Are you particularly interested in something specific? Do let us know!